Other species of the genus Micropterus (i.e. large mouth bass, rock bass,
spotted bass, redeye bass)
Bronzeback, Brown Bass, Bronze Bass
Brassy Brown hue.
Green with dark vertical bands rather than horizontal band along the side.
Smallmouth bass prefer large clear-water lakes (greater than 100 acres,
more than 30 feet deep) and cool streams with clear water and gravel
Smallmouth bass will forage on a variety of creatures, depending on
availability and season. Crayfish tend to be the favored prey, but they
will go after minnows in the spring, insects during hatches (especially
Mayflies), hellgramites and other fish species
Smallmouth bass look similar to their close cousin, the largemouth.
Often they are found in the same waters. To tell the two apart,
the closed mouth. If it extends only to the middle of the eye, it’s
a smallmouth. If it goes way beyond the back of the eye, the fish is a
9 lbs. 1 oz. 6/21/1950, Indian Lake, Oneida County
Scientific name: (Micropterus
means "small fin"; dolomieu was named after M. Dolomieu, a
smallmouth bass occurs in all three drainage basins in Wisconsin
(Lake Michigan, Mississippi River, and Lake Superior). It is
quite probable that the fish was distributed over the state
approximately as it is at present before any introductions were
made. The smallmouth bass is common in medium to large streams
and in large, clearwater lakes throughout Wisconsin.
Wisconsin, smallmouth bass spawning usually occurs at water
temperatures between 62 - 64º F, but they have been found
spawning at 53º F. In southern Wisconsin, the smallmouth spawns
from the middle of May through June (water temperatures between
55 - 75º F). The male smallmouth may build several "practice
nests" until he finally settles on one as suitable. The nest is
usually a large, perfectly circular, clean gravel structure. The
male bass protects the nest against intruders of his own and
Angling: Pound for
pound the smallmouth bass is the scrappiest fish of all
Wisconsin. It is usually associated with a rocky stream or lake
environment where its favorite food, the crayfish, is abundant.
Some of the best lake fishing takes place in June during, and
just after, the spawning season, and in early fall. Natural
baits like hellgrammites, dragonfly larvae and crayfish are
especially effective during early morning or late evening.
(Note: In Wisconsin it is illegal to possess live crayfish while
fishing or while possessing angling equipment on any inland
water, except the Mississippi River.) Probably the best
artificial baits are those used on the surface. Light tackle is
ideal. Fish quietly, casting toward rocks or logs, keeping the
rod tip up and the line taut.